As long as a collective agreement is in force, it can only be amended by mutual voluntary agreement. A change in the duration of the contract must be approved by the Labour Authority. Collective agreements are used to supplement legislation or to negotiate area-specific contracts. The fundamental principle is that collective agreements must not contain conditions lower than those laid down in the legislation. For example, if your company is a member of an employers` association that has a collective agreement with a workers` association/union. In Common Law, Ford v A.U.E.F. , the courts have already ruled that collective agreements are not binding. Second, the Industrial Relations Act of 1971, introduced by Robert Carr (Minister of Labour in Edward Heath`s office), provided that collective agreements were binding unless a written contractual clause provided otherwise. After the death of the Heath government, the law was rescinded to reflect the tradition of British industrial relations policy to legally refrain from any conflict in the workplace. A collective agreement (TES) is a contract between a trade union and an employers` union on the terms and conditions of employment in this area.
Pro`s collective agreement guarantees fair rules of the contractual relationship and appropriate remuneration. Collective agreements also include decisions on hours of work and overtime pay. Trade Union Pro`s collective agreements include, for example, agreements on job difference, travel allowance, sickness benefit, maternity allowance, vacation pay and stand-on allowance. Typically, the negotiation of the first collective agreement takes up to six months. Negotiations on extension agreements will also take a few months, but while they are being negotiated, the old agreement will remain in force. There are regulations that are set out in collective agreements that are not regulated in the act. These topics are, for example, travel expenses, vacation pay, additional days of leave (called “pekkasvapaat”) or sickness or maternity benefits. A collective agreement applies to your employment relationship if you are a member of the union, if your employer is a member of the employers` association, and if the union and the employers` association have negotiated a collective agreement. A collective agreement also applies if this is stated in your employment contract or if your employer belongs to an industry in which generally binding collective agreements apply (e.g. .