Shimla Agreement Main Points in Urdu

Shimla Agreement Main Points in Urdu

The text of the agreement was previously vague and must now be terminated. P N Dhar from India and Pakistan Aziz Ahmad were above the project. A document was read to the two leaders, which was finally adopted after some changes and declared at the time of signing. The Delhi Convention on the Repatriation of Civilian and War Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister for Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” He described the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that would determine their future relations. [4] [5] [3] The administration is trying to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” and the focus has shifted to previous “bilateral agreements,” including the 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani prime ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, for friendly relations between the two countries. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force on the date on which the instruments of ratification are exchanged. [4] It also mentions non-interference in everyone`s internal affairs and hostile propaganda. A more important issue, which was the lag point between the two leaders, was: “The fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years will be resolved by peaceful means” – an obvious reference to the Kashmir conflict. It was also agreed that “Indian and Pakistani forces will be withdrawn from their side of the international border.

Withdrawals take effect and are completed within 30 days. The agreement must be ratified by both countries and will enter into force as soon as the ratification documents have been exchanged. In the evening, a dinner had been organized; Once completed, the two guides set off onto the airy lawns of Simla Governor House. It was a personal encounter. After a while, the two leaders returned to the main hall and called the officers. Again, no one was allowed to participate. The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi was opened in Simla at the agreed time. The Summit Conference was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the planned steps to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that obliged the two countries to renounce the use of force in the settlement of disputes, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek the intervention of a third party in the settlement of their differences and to refrain from opposing military alliances. Pakistan wishes to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations.

He rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would include a permanent acceptance of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the Kashmir conflict from the UN. (iii) Withdrawals shall commence upon entry into force of this Agreement and shall be completed within 30 days thereafter. [4] On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating to an armed conflict, the most recent being the Kargil war in 1999. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the boundary had clearly not been defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too barren to be contested); this was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla Agreement. Most subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict are due to natural disasters, such as avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. Prisoners of war were not mentioned in the agreement; However, under the second agreement signed in Delhi, India released more than 93,000 prisoners of war, including 195 war criminals, two years later. The agreement was agreed and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. .

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