In the event of a restriction that could affect the granting of these access rights, researchers should be informed as soon as possible. A first step would be to check whether a consortium agreement is mandatory in your case, depending on the type of project you will be involved in. Under the grant agreement, recipients must ensure that researchers have unlicensed access to background rights and results in order to develop their work within the project. These access rights should only be granted if they are necessary for the researchers to carry out their research within the framework of the project. The signing of a consortium contract is only required under a few calls from Marie Skodowska-Curie – if not, the work programme always says so explicitly. For example, there is no consortium agreement for projects with a beneficiary. With regard to protection, Horizon 2020 is a general obligation to protect project results, see Article 42 of the Horizon 2020 eligibility rules and Article 27 of the model grant agreement. In other words, your institution (z.B. Their university) will sign the grant agreement with the European Commission and will therefore be considered a beneficiary, i.e. as the owner of the results of the project generated by its collaborators during the action. Therefore, the default rule is that the copyright on your publications belongs to your institution. As a researcher, you do not benefit from automatic property rights under the grant agreement. At MSCA, the rules for participation in project results are the same as for other Horizon 2020 actions: the results of the project are the property of the beneficiary who generates them.