Public defence procurement is governed by directive 2009/81/EC on the coordination of procurement procedures for certain contracts for work, supplies and services by contracting authorities or agencies in the areas of defence and security, as well as by changes to directives 2004/17/EC and 2004/18/EC.  The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) investigates fraud in the area of the EU budget, corruption and serious misconduct within the European institutions. If, in the context of a contracting procedure, a suspected illegal activity of this type by UNION agents or staff is suspected, a complaint may be made by any party to OLAF. You can do it anonymously. Like the European Ombudsman, OLAF does not have a judicial power, but the results of its investigation can give rise to disciplinary, financial or judicial proceedings. In general, a directive aims to open UP EU public procurement to bidders from across the EU, and national legislation must reflect this. It should be viewed from the broader perspective of the EU`s efforts to strengthen the internal market and improve the level playing field between Member States (which ultimately also benefits foreign companies operating in more than one Member State). Green public procurement (GPP) has been supported in a number of EU policies and strategies. It is defined in communication (COM (2008) 400) The public server for environmental improvement as a process by which governments attempt to acquire goods, services and work that affect the environment throughout their life cycle, in relation to goods, services and factories with the same primary function as those otherwise that would be obtained.
The EU Public Procurement Regulation also applies to signatories to the WTO Public Procurement Agreement.  With regard to contracting, Member States are obliged to apply “in their relations conditions as favourable as those granted to economic operators (the clause includes contractors, suppliers and service providers) from third countries in the context of the implementation of the public procurement agreement.”  In accordance with the PGA, EU Member States must also ensure that their companies do not treat a local supplier less favourable than another local supplier based on the degree of foreign or ownership; In addition, EU Member States must also ensure that their facilities do not discriminate against local suppliers because of the country of production in which goods and services are provided when the country of production is a contracting party to the PGA.  Intelligence activity contracts and contracts between several public bodies are excluded from the Defence and Security Directive. In the specific case of the United States, the US government acts as a mediator for EU member states and US defence companies, so EU member states can purchase US military equipment directly through the Foreign Military Sales programme (a form of security assistance approved by the US Arms Export Controls Act).