Of course, there is a downside. By blocking a futures rate, you are forced to do so, even if the exchange rate changes in your favor, which means that you could have saved money if you had opted for a spot contract at the time you need the exchange. To counter this, you can choose to use a futures contract for a portion of all your currencies, rather than for everything. Based on SSAP 20 in UK GAAP, currency conversion, which offers the possibility of translating a transaction to the prevailing price at the time of the transaction, an appropriate futures price should then be established. In a situation where the futures rate is used, foreign exchange losses should not be accounted for in the accounts if both parties record the sale and eventual settlement (Parameswaran, 2011). Imagine, however, that the same entity would have established a futures contract when the EURO/USD was 1.25 to benefit from a high interest rate. Knowing that they would soon have to charge €200,000 for the goods, the invoice rate was calculated at 1.20, which means that they immediately increased in the EUR/USD movement. A company receives from one of its customers a payment in euros of € 200,000 for the payment of goods. On the day of the invoice, eur/USD was calculated at 1.20 (240,000 USD), but the price has now fallen to 1.18 and €200,000 is now worth only $236,000, which means that the company loses $4,000 just because of the FX movement between the invoice and the settlement. Futures – If a spot price for a delivery date is set in the future, it can range from a few days to 24 months. The forward exchange rate is based solely on interest rate spreads and does not take into account investors` expectations of where the real exchange rate might be in the future. Option contract – similar to a futures contract where the interest rate is set for a certain time, but with the option to take the best price if the trading price improves. As an example of taking into account a spot and forward contract, you can cite the following examples.
Futures contracts are not traded on stock markets and amounts in standard currencies are not traded in these agreements. . . .