The main objective of bilateral social security agreements is to protect the pension rights of people who have paid social security contributions in Ireland and who have a settlement period in the other country. The periods to be expected in the other country may be the periods of insurance or residence depending on the social security system of that country. The agreements protect pension rights by allowing periods of time in each country that can be liquidated in each country to be taken into account in determining the right to certain benefits, where there is no right, when national laws apply only. If you work in a country or country with which Norway has a social security agreement, you need to know what your rights are under the individual agreement in question. The provisions of this agreement prevail over Norwegian law. Irish and British citizens have additional protection for the common travel area between Britain and Ireland, which will continue after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU. In particular, an agreement between Ireland and the United Kingdom (pdf) under the name of an agreement known as the “social security agreement” is maintained in all the provisions that existed before the UK`s withdrawal with regard to the recognition and access to social security rights in both jurisdictions. This means that the rights of Irish citizens living in Ireland benefit from social security contributions collected at work in the UK and vice versa. The list of countries that have a mutual agreement with the United Kingdom has been updated. You pay national insurance for the first 52 weeks during which you are abroad if you work for an employer outside the EEA, Switzerland and bilateral social security countries and if you meet the following three conditions: A person should normally claim a pension right in the country of residence.
A person residing in Ireland should therefore apply for a pension from the Ministry of Social Welfare. If the applicant indicates that he or she was insured (or, if necessary, resident) in a country with which Ireland has a bilateral agreement, a pension entitlement is opened in that country by the department that addresses the relevant agency on behalf of the applicant. The date of receipt of the claim and all relevant documents must be immediately forwarded to the institution of the other country. The same procedure applies on the other hand when the right to the pension is introduced in another country, but the person has social security contributions in Ireland. The provisions of the National Insurance Act or social security agreements concluded by Norway with other countries determine whether you are a member or not. Your membership is not determined by the fact that you are a Norwegian citizen, registered in the national population register or paying taxes in Norway. You should receive the U1 (formerly E301) and E104 forms if you leave an EU country in which you have worked. These forms are available from the relevant social security agency in the country where you come from and contain information about your social security certificate. Form E104 is required if you are claiming sickness benefits and the U1 form is required for unemployment benefits.